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ap us history chapter 11 outline

Below you will find notes for the 16th edition of the U.S. History textbook, The American Pageant. The links provide detailed summaries on American/US history from one of the most popular US History textbooks in the United States. This edition was released in , and it covers history in the United States from 33, B.C. to CHAPTER 11 AP US HISTORY NOTES. The French and British went to war. French had control over the land and British over the sea. We wanted to take this opportunity for trading. To prevent war Jefferson passed the _____. British attacked American ships . We are working on adding US History chapter notes for other AP US History textbooks like the Enduring Vision, A People and a Nation, Out of Many, and The American People. These outlines, along with the US History unit notes, practice quizzes, vocabulary terms, topic outlines, court cases, political parties, political timelines, and case briefs will help you prepare for the AP US History exam.


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Skip to main content. Printer Friendly. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers In the election ofthe Federalists had a host of enemies stemming from the Alien and Sedition Acts. They had raised a bunch of taxes and built a good navy, and then had not gotten any reason to justify such spending, making them seem fraudulent ap us history chapter 11 outline they had also swelled the public debt. But, even though Jefferson triumphed, in a technicality he and Aaron Burr tied for presidency.

The vote, according to the Constitution, would now go to the Federalist-dominated House of Representatives. Hateful of Jefferson, many wanted to vote for Burr, and the vote was deadlocked for months until Alexander Hamilton and John Adams persuaded a few House members to change their votes, knowing that if the House voted for Burr, the public outcry would doom the Federalist Party.

Finally, a ap us history chapter 11 outline changed their minds, and Jefferson was elected to the presidency. In his address, he declared that all Americans were Federalists, all were Republicans, implying that Americans were a mixture.

There were two Thomas Jeffersons: the scholarly private citizen who philosophized in his study, and the harassed public official who discovered that bookish theories worked out differently in practical politics. Jefferson also dismissed few Federalist officials and those who wanted the seats complained.

Jefferson had to rely on his casual charm because his party was so disunited still. Jeffersonian Restraint Jefferson pardoned those who were serving time under the Sedition Act, and inhe enacted a new naturalization law that returned the years needed for an immigrant to become a citizen from 14 to 5.

He also kicked away the excise tax, but otherwise left the Hamiltonian system intact, ap us history chapter 11 outline. The new secretary of the treasury, Albert Gallatin, reduced the national debt substantially while balancing the budget.

By shrewdly absorbing the major Federalist programs, Jefferson showed that a change of regime need not be disastrous for the exiting group. Chief Justice John Marshall, a cousin of Jefferson, had served at Valley Forge during the war, and he had been impressed with the drawbacks of no central authority, and thus, he became a lifelong Federalist, committed to strengthening the power of the federal government.

Marbury v. He had been named justice of peace for D. InJefferson tried to impeach the tart-tongued Supreme Court justice, Samuel Chase, but when the vote got to the Senate, not enough votes were mustered, and to this day, no attempt to alter the Supreme Court has ever been tried through impeachment. Jefferson, a Reluctant Warrior Jefferson had a natural fear of a large, strong, standing military since such a military could be turned on the people. So, he reduced the militia to men, and navies were reduced a bit to peacetime footing.

The small, mobile gunboats used in the Tripolitan War fascinated Jefferson, and he spent money to build about of them these boats might be zippy and fast, but they did little against large battleships.

The years eventually showed building small ships to be a poor decision. Then, inthe Spaniards at New Orleans withdrew the right of deposit guaranteed by the Pinckney Treaty of Such deposit privileges were vital to the frontier farmers who floated their goods down the Mississippi River to its mouth to await oceangoing vessels.

These farmers talked of marching to New Orleans to violently get back what they deserved, an action that would have plunged the U. The decision to sell Louisiana was also because Napoleon needed cash to renew his war with Britain. The Louisiana Purchase was finalized on April 30, Jefferson had a dilemma, since the Constitution said nothing about purchasing foreign land, but on the other hand, this deal was simply too good to pass up!

After considering an amendment, Jefferson finally decided to go through with the deal anyway, ap us history chapter 11 outline, even though nothing in the Constitution talked about land purchases. Jefferson had been a strict interpreter of the Constitution, but he was now using a loose interpretation. Federalists, normally loose interpreters, took a strict interpretation and opposed the purchase.

This was the biggest bargain in history averaging 3 cents per acre. Louisiana in the Long View The purchase created a precedent of acquisition of foreign territory through purchase. In the spring ofJefferson sent William Clark and Meriwether Lewis to explore this new territory, ap us history chapter 11 outline. InBurr was arrested for treason, but the necessary two witnesses were nowhere to be found.

The Louisiana Purchase was also nurturing a deep sense of loyalty among the West to the federal government, ap us history chapter 11 outline, and a new spirit of nationalism surged through it. A Precarious Neutrality InJefferson won with a margin of electoral votes to 14 for his opponent, but this happiness was nonexistent because inNapoleon had deliberately provoked Britain into renewing its war with France. As a result, American trade sank as England and France, unable to hurt each other England owned the sea thanks to the Battle of Trafalgar while France owned the land thanks to the Battle of Austerlitzresorted to indirect blows.

InLondon issued the Orders in Council, which closed ports under French continental control to foreign shipping, including American, unless they stopped at a British port first. Likewise, Napoleon ordered the seizure of all ships, including American, which entered British ports.

Impressment illegal seizure of men and forcing them to serve on ships of American seamen also infuriated the U. Ina royal frigate the Leopard confronted the U. When the American commander refused, the U. In an incident in which England was clearly wrong, ap us history chapter 11 outline, Jefferson still clung to peace. His belief was that the only way to stay out of the war was to shut down shipping. Also, the U. The Embargo Act of late forbade the export of all goods from the United States to any foreign nation, regardless of whether they were ap us history chapter 11 outline in American or foreign ships.

The net result was deserted docks, rotting ships in the harbors, and Jefferson's embargo hurt the same New England merchants that it was trying to protect.

The commerce of New England was harmed more than that of France and Britain. Farmers of the South and West were alarmed by the mounting piles of unexportable cotton, ap us history chapter 11 outline, grain, and tobacco.

Illegal trade mushroomed inwhere people resorted to smuggling again. Thus, economic coercion continued from towhen war struck. Even Jefferson himself admitted that the embargo was three times more costly than war, and he could have built a strong navy with a fraction of the money lost. During the time of the embargo, the Federalist Party regained some of its lost power. However, during this embargo, resourceful Americans also opened and reopened factories, and thus, the embargo helped to promote industrialism—another irony since it was Jefferson who was committed to an agrarian, while it was his archrival Alexander Hamilton who was committed to industry, ap us history chapter 11 outline.

Also, the embargo did affect Britain, and had it been continued, it might have succeeded. In fact, two days before Congress declared war in JuneLondon ordered the Orders in Council to be suspended. Had America known this fact, war would have likely not been declared.

Napoleon had his opportunity: in August ofhe announced that French commercial restrictions had been lifted, and Madison, desperate for recognition of the law, declared France available for American trade. Of course, Napoleon lied, and never really lifted restrictions, but meanwhile, America had been duped into entering European affairs against Great Britain.

The western politicians also cried out against the Indian threat on the frontier. Tecumseh was killed by Harrison at the Battle of the Thames inand the Indian confederacy dream perished. In the South, Andrew Jackson crushed the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on March 27,effectively breaking the Indian rebellion and leaving the entire area east of the Mississippi open for safe settlement. The War Hawks cried that the only way to get rid of the Indians was to wipe out their base, Canada, since the British had helped the Indians.

Possibility of land — The U. Indian issues — Americans were still upset about British guns being giving to Indians. The nation became sectionalized.

Generally, the North was against war, the West and the South was for the war. Thus, a disunited America had to fight both Old England and New England in the War ofsince Britain was the enemy while New England tried everything that they could do to frustrate American ambitions in the war. US History. Subject X Printer-friendly version. Need Help? Need Notes? About Course-Notes.

 

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ap us history chapter 11 outline

 

Chapter outlines from "American Pageant (13th edition)" to help you review what you've read, chapter-by-chapter. Use this information to ace your AP U.S. History quizzes and tests! Chapter 2: The Planting of English America, ; Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies, Chapter by chapter outlines. Home. Outlines. Chapter A Democratic Revolution ( – ) Chapter Religion and Reform ( – ) Chapter 1: Colliding Worlds ( – ) Chapter 2: American Experiments ( - ) Chapter 3: The British Atlantic World ( - ) Chapter by chapter outlines of America's History Eighth. CHAPTER 11 AP US HISTORY NOTES. The French and British went to war. French had control over the land and British over the sea. We wanted to take this opportunity for trading. To prevent war Jefferson passed the _____. British attacked American ships .