Outline Map: Scandinavia - involveoqshz.ml

 

scandinavia map outline

Outline Map of North America Outline Map of South America Outline Map of Southeast Asia Outline Map of U.S.-Mexican Border Outline Map of the Western Hemisphere Outline Map of Africa Outline Map of Australia Outline Map of Europe Outline Map of Latin America Outline Map of Mexico Outline Map of the Middle East Outline Map of the Pacific Rim. Scandinavia (/ ˌ s k æ n d ɪ ˈ n eɪ v i ə / SKAN-dih-NAY-vee-ə) is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic involveoqshz.ml term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and involveoqshz.ml majority national languages of these three, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, and are mutually intelligible North Germanic involveoqshz.mlition: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, . Overview of Scandinavia. Use this map of Scandinavia to learn the geography and layout of Scandinavia and involveoqshz.ml help plan your next trip, use the map to identify some cities and/or regions in Scandinavia you would like to explore and then visit our Escorted Tours and Independent Tours sections to find a vacation package that suits your style of travel.


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Nordic territories that are not part of Scandinavia:. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of DenmarkNorwayand Sweden. The majority national languages of these three, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, and are mutually intelligible North Germanic languages. While part of the Nordic countries, the remote Norwegian islands of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are not in Scandinavia, nor is Greenlandscandinavia map outline, a constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark, scandinavia map outline.

The Faroe Islands are sometimes included. The name Scandinavia originally referred to the former Danish, scandinavia map outline, now Swedish, region of Scania. Scandinavia and Scandinavian entered usage in the late 18th century, being introduced by the early linguistic and cultural Scandinavist movement.

Icelanders and the Faroese are to a significant extent descended from the Norse and are therefore often seen as Scandinavian. A small minority of Sami people scandinavia map outline in the extreme north of Scandinavia.

Scandinavia map outline Danishscandinavia map outline, Norwegian and Swedish languages form a dialect continuum and are known as the Scandinavian languages—all of which are considered mutually intelligible with one another. Faroese and Icelandicsometimes referred to as insular Scandinavian languages, are intelligible in continental Scandinavian languages only to a limited extent, scandinavia map outline.

Apart from these, GermanYiddish and Romani are recognized minority languages in parts of Scandinavia. The use of "Scandinavia" as a convenient general term for Denmark, Norway and Sweden is fairly recent. According to some historians, it was adopted and introduced in the eighteenth century, at a time when the ideas about a common heritage started to appear and develop into early literary and linguistic Scandinavism.

As a political term, Scandinavia was first used by students agitating for pan-Scandinavianism in the s. After a visit to Sweden, Andersen became a supporter of early political Scandinavism. In a letter describing the poem to a friend, he wrote: "All at once I understood how related the Swedes, the Danes and the Norwegians are, and with this feeling I wrote the poem immediately after my return: 'We are one people, we are called Scandinavians!

The clearest example of the use of the term "Scandinavia" as a political and societal construct is the unique position of Finlandbased largely on the fact that most of modern-day Finland was part of Sweden for more than six centuries see: Finland under Swedish rulethus to much of the world associating Finland with all of Scandinavia. But the creation of a Finnish scandinavia map outline is unique in the region in that it was formed in relation to two different imperial models, scandinavia map outline, the Swedish [14] and the Russian.

The term is often defined according to the conventions of the cultures that lay claim to the term in their own use.

Various promotional agencies of the Nordic countries in the United States such as The American-Scandinavian Foundationscandinavia map outline, established in by the Danish American industrialist Niels Poulsen serve to promote market and tourism interests in the region.

Today, the five Nordic heads of state act as the organization's patrons and according to the official statement by the organization its mission is "to promote the Nordic region as a whole while increasing the visibility of Denmark, Finland, Scandinavia map outline, Norway and Sweden in New York City and the United States". Norway's government scandinavia map outline one year later. Furthermore, the term Fennoscandia refers to Scandinavia, Finland and Kareliaexcluding Denmark and overseas territories, scandinavia map outline the usage of this term is restricted to geology when speaking of the Fennoscandian Shield Baltic Shield.

Whereas the term "Scandinavia" is relatively straightforward as traditionally relating to the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden there exists some ambiguity as regards the ethnic aspect of the concept in the modern era. Traditionally, the term refers specifically to the majority peoples of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, their states, their Germanic languages and their culture. However, Scandinavia map outline is still also seen as an ethnic term for the Germanic majority peoples of Scandinavia and as such the inclusion scandinavia map outline Sami and Finnish speakers can be seen as controversial within these groups.

Various references to the region can also be found in PytheasPomponius MelaTacitusPtolemyscandinavia map outline, Procopius and Jordanesusually in the form of Scandza, scandinavia map outline. It is believed that the name used by Pliny may be of West Germanic origin, originally denoting Scania. The name Scandinavia would then mean "dangerous island", which is considered to refer to the treacherous sandbanks surrounding Scania.

Pliny 's descriptions of Scatinavia and surrounding areas are not always easy to decipher. Writing in the capacity of a Roman admiral, he introduces the northern region by declaring to his Roman readers that there are 23 islands " Romanis armis cognitae " "known to Roman arms" in this area. According to Pliny, scandinavia map outline " clarissima " "most famous" of the region's islands is Scatinaviaof unknown size.

There live the Hilleviones. The belief that Scandinavia was an island became widespread among classical authors during the first century and dominated descriptions of Scandinavia in classical texts during the centuries that followed. Pliny begins his description of the route to Scatinavia by referring to the mountain of Saevo mons Saevo ibithe Codanus Bay Codanus sinus and the Cimbrian promontory.

By some scholars, "Saevo" is thought to be the mountainous Norwegian coast at the entrance to Skagerrak and the Cimbrian peninsula is thought to be Skagenthe north tip of JutlandDenmark. As described, Saevo and Scatinavia can also be the same place. Pliny mentions Scandinavia one more time: in Book VIII he says that the animal called achlis given in the accusative, achlinwhich is not Latin was born on the island of Scandinavia.

The name " Scandia ", later used as a synonym for Scandinavia, also appears in Pliny's Naturalis Historia Natural Historybut is used for a group of Northern European islands which he locates north of Britannia. The idea that " Scadinavia " may have been one of the " Scandiae " islands was instead introduced by Ptolemy c.

He used the name " Skandia " for the biggest, most easterly of the three " Scandiai " islands, which according to him were all located east of Jutland. Some early Swedish scholars of the Swedish Hyperborean school [29] and scandinavia map outline the 19th-century romantic nationalism period proceeded to synthesize the different versions by inserting references to the Suiones, arguing that they must have been referred to in the original texts and obscured over time by spelling mistakes or various alterations.

The Latin names in Pliny's text gave rise to different forms in medieval Germanic texts. In Jordanes' history of the Goths ADthe form Scandza is the name used for their original home, separated by sea from the land of Europe chapter 1, 4, scandinavia map outline.

In recent substrate studies, Sami linguists have examined the initial cluster sk- in words used in Sami and concluded that sk- is a phonotactic structure of alien origin. Another possibility is that all or part of the segments of the name came from the Mesolithic people inhabiting the region. According to some of these intellects, Scandinavian people share particular genetic markers with the Basque people. The geography of Scandinavia is extremely varied.

Notable are the Norwegian fjordsthe Scandinavian Mountainsthe flat, low areas in Denmark and the archipelagos of Sweden and Norway. Sweden has many lakes and moraineslegacies of the ice agewhich ended about ten millennia ago. The southern and by far most populous regions of Scandinavia have a temperate climate.

Scandinavia extends north of the Arctic Circlebut has relatively mild weather for its latitude due to the Gulf Stream. Many of the Scandinavian mountains have an alpine tundra climate.

The central part — from Oslo to Stockholm — has a humid continental climate Dfbwhich gradually gives way to subarctic climate Dfc further north and cool marine west coast climate Cfc along the northwestern coast. The Scandinavian Mountains block the mild and moist air coming from the southwest, thus northern Sweden and the Finnmarksvidda plateau in Norway receive little precipitation and have cold winters. Large areas in the Scandinavian mountains have alpine tundra climate.

The warmest temperature ever recorded in Scandinavia is Southwesterly winds further warmed by foehn wind can give warm temperatures in narrow Norwegian fjords in winter. Tafjord has recorded Two language groups have coexisted on the Scandinavian peninsula since prehistory—the North Germanic languages Scandinavian languages and the Sami languages.

Denmark also has a minority of German -speakers. More recent migrations has added even more languages. Apart from Sami and the languages of minority groups speaking a variant of the majority language of a neighboring state, the following minority languages in Scandinavia map outline are protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages : YiddishRomani Chib, scandinavia map outline, Romanes and Romani. The modern division is based on the degree of mutual comprehensibility between the languages in the two branches.

Danish, Swedish and Norwegian have since medieval times been influenced to varying degrees by Middle Low German and standard German. That influence came from not just proximity but also that Denmark and later Denmark-Norway ruling over the German speaking region of Holstein, scandinavia map outline, and in Sweden with its close trade with the Hanseatic League.

Norwegians are accustomed to variation and may perceive Danish and Swedish only as slightly more distant dialects. This is because they have two official written standards, in addition to the habit of strongly holding on to local dialects. The people of Stockholmscandinavia map outline, Sweden and CopenhagenDenmark have the greatest difficulty in understanding other Scandinavian languages. This causes Faroese people as well as Icelandic people to become bilingual in two very distinct North Germanic languages, making it relatively easy for them to understand the other two Mainland Scandinavian languages, scandinavia map outline.

Although Iceland was under the political control of Denmark until a much later datevery little influence and borrowing from Danish has occurred in the Icelandic language. Danish was not scandinavia map outline for official communications, most of the royal officials were of Icelandic descent and the language of the church and law courts remained Icelandic.

The Scandinavian languages are as a language family unrelated to FinnishEstonian and Sami languageswhich as Uralic languages are distantly related to Hungarian.

Owing to the close proximity, there is still a great deal of borrowing from the Swedish and Norwegian languages in the Finnish and Sami languages. Finnish-speakers had to learn Swedish in order to advance to higher positions. Finland is officially bilingual, with Finnish and Swedish having mostly the same status at national level. The Swedish-speakers live mainly on the scandinavia map outline starting from approximately the city of Porvoo in the Gulf of Finland up to the city of Kokkola in the Bay of Bothnia.

Children are taught the other official language at school: for Swedish-speakers this is Finnish usually from the 3rd gradewhile for Finnish-speakers it is Swedish usually from the 3rd, 5th or 7th grade.

Finnish speakers constitute a language minority in Sweden and Norway, scandinavia map outline. The Sami languages are indigenous minority languages in Scandinavia. According to the Sami Information Centre of the Sami Parliament in Sweden, southern Sami may have originated in an earlier migration from the south into the Scandinavian peninsula.

The economies of the countries of Scandinavia are amongst the highest scandinavia map outline the world. During a period of Christianization and state formation in the 10th—13th centuries, numerous Germanic petty kingdoms and chiefdoms were unified into three kingdoms:. Sweden left the union in under King Gustav Vasa.

In the aftermath of Sweden's secession from the Kalmar Union, civil war broke out in Denmark and Norway—the Protestant Reformation followed. When things had settled, the Norwegian Privy Council was abolished—it assembled for the last time in A personal unionentered into by the kingdoms of Denmark and Norway inlasted until Three sovereign successor states have subsequently emerged from this unequal union: Denmark, Norway and Iceland.

In the east, Finland, was a fully incorporated part of Sweden since medieval times until the Napoleonic wars, scandinavia map outline, when it was ceded to Russia. Despite many wars over the years since the formation of the three kingdoms, Scandinavia has been politically and culturally close. Denmark—Norway as a historiographical name refers to the former political union consisting of the kingdoms of Denmark and Norway, including the Norwegian dependencies of Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

The corresponding adjective and demonym is Dano-Norwegian. During Danish rule, Norway kept its separate laws, coinage and army as well as some institutions such as a royal chancellor. Norway's old royal line had died out with the death of Olav IV [65] inbut Norway's remaining a hereditary kingdom became an important factor for the Oldenburg dynasty of Denmark—Norway in its struggles to win elections as kings of Denmark.

The Treaty of Kiel 14 January formally dissolved the Dano-Norwegian union and ceded the territory of Norway proper to the King of Sweden, but Denmark retained Norway's overseas possessions. However, widespread Norwegian resistance to the prospect of a union with Sweden induced the governor of Norway, crown prince Christian Frederick later Christian VIII of Denmarkto call a constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in April The assembly drew up a liberal constitution and elected Christian Frederick to the throne of Norway.

Following a Swedish invasion during the summer, scandinavia map outline, the peace conditions of the Convention of Moss 14 August specified that king Christian Frederik had to resign, but Norway would keep its independence and its constitution within a personal union with Sweden.

 

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scandinavia map outline

 

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, comprising of the Scandinavian Peninsula, several smaller islands and archipelago. The region is bisected by the Arctic circle. The term Scandinavia usually refers to the countries of Norway, Finland, Sweden and Denmark. Sometimes the country of Iceland and Faroe Islands are also included. Jun 27,  · Geographically, the Scandinavian Peninsula is the largest in Europe, extending from above the Arctic Circle to the shores of the Baltic Sea and covering about , square miles. You can learn more about the countries of Scandinavia, their population, capitals, and other facts with this list. Europe: Countries Printables - Map Quiz Game: From Portugal to Russia, and from Cyprus to Norway, there are a lot of countries to keep straight in Europe. This printable blank map of Europe can help you or your students learn the names and locations of all the countries from this world region. This resource is great for an in-class quiz or as a study aid.